Art and Culture

Fusaro Lake - Phlegraean Fields - Naples


Called by the ancients "Palus Acherusia", known by Licofrone and described by Strabone, the Lake Fusaro was named this way only during the Angevin period, when it was used for the retting of hemp, which was cultivated in the territory of Cumae.
Propriety of the Bourbons, as Carlo III acquired it from the Establishment of the Annunziata to satisfy his venatorial passion, organizing beatings in the wood nearby (Pineta) and fishing in the lake.
The territory was embellished and put to its best use by Vanvitelli the Elder, designer of the works connected to the construction of buildings for pisciculture and culture of mussels.
(Gianni Race - "Bacoli Baia Cuma Miseno: Storia e mito")

Situated in the north of Naples, in the territory of the commune of Bacoli, the lake Fusaro has been classified most of the times by the geographers as a lake of sea sand bar.
A narrow coastal strip separates the lake from the sea forming an extraordinary ecosystem of great ambient interest, in which it is visible the typical littoral hill, characterized by a variegated vegetation, the so-called Mediterranean bush.
Along the coastal line and in the internal part as far as the foot of the mount of Cumae it is easy to find: buntings, camomile, rosemary, ilexes, strawberry-trees, lentisk, junipers, black bryonies, butcher's brooms and figs of the Hottentots.
The brackish lagoon of Fusaro (known since the 3rd century b.C. as "Acherusia Palus"), thanks to the presence of fresh water springs, for decades could propose to the world oysters of great quality.
At the beginning of last century, the lake Fusaro and the adjoining structures were all part of a huge business which secured bread and work to a thousand persons: the Royal Casina (the so-called "Ostrichina", the Grand Restaurant, the Pavilions (stables) and the Green Park.
Tourists coming from all the world could eat in the Grand Restaurant at the price of 5 lire.
There were dancing rooms and rooms for "billiards".
People could fish, go by boat around the lake or dedicate themselves to the shooting of doves (pigeons-shooting).
In order to immortalize beautiful and maybe unrepeatable moments, in Fusaro it was settled a branch of the photographic plant: the "Jone Pompeiana".
The then government, thanks to all this and especially to the Oyster-Establishment, awarded a gold medal to the trustees of the Centre.
Nowadays, after a long period of slackness, they have been started again pisciculture and the cultivation of the famous Fusaro mussels.
(Ciro Amoroso, authorized guide of Beni Culturali office of the Comune di Bacoli)


Ruins of Servilio Vatia Villa

Between the II and the I century b.C., on the shores of the lake Fusaro, the Romans built many villas and thermal plants; the most famous was the one of the Roman Consul Servilio Vatia.
The Romans, who envied the peace he looked for and found along these enchanting shores, were always repeating the same sentence: "O Vatia tu solus scis vivere".
Built on the top of a big tuffaceous bench and in a strategic position, Servilio Vatia's maritime villa followed the outline of the hill as far as the sea, where there were fish ponds.
So the Consul, just like his other contemporaries (A. Ortensio Ortalo) could, away from the chaos of the Roman city, dedicate himself to tranquillity and "pisciculture".
It dates back to that period the channel which, cutting the promontory, unifies the lake and the sea.
(Ciro Amoroso, authorized guide of Beni Culturali office of the Comune di Bacoli)

Archaeologically, the most interesting aspect is represented by the ruins of Servilio Vatia's ancient villa, called "Isaurico" because of the overwhelming victory carried off in 79 b.C. over the Isauri.
The wonderful illa of this clever man was built and furnished with refinement, but at the same time it was, thanks to the strategic position over the sea, a real self-sufficient fortress.
Unfortunately today there are only few ruins of it, as the pozzolana mines and the bunkers drawn, during the last world conflict, in the tuffaceous soil, altered remarkably its consistency.
In that place they were found beautiful statues of emperors and famous personages.
(Gianni Picone - "Da Posillipo a Cuma")

How you can get there from the Hotel
From the Piazza Amedeo Station take line 2 on the subway, in the direction of Gianturco, and get off in Montesanto (fist stop); proceed by Cumana train (Naples-Torregaveta line) from terminus in Piazza Montesanto (at 100 metres from the subway Station) and get off at Baia stop; proceed by S.E.P.S.A Lucrino-Torregaveta bus and get off at Fusaro. The distance from Baia to the entrance of the Fusaro Park is about 1 Km.


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