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Kunst en Cultuur

Herculaneum Archaeological Ruins - Naples


As in Pompeii and Stabiae, Herculaneum also most likely entered into the orbit of the "Nucerina" confederation.
Having rebelled against Rome during the Social War, it was seized and conquered in 89 b.C. by Titus Didius, legate to the Roman General Lucius Cornelius Silla.
The total area within the walls measured about 20 hectares with a population of 4000 inhabitants; 4,5 hectares of opencast excavations are visitable while some important public buildings are either not accessible ("Nonio Balbo's Basilica", the so-called Basilica) or outside the archaeological area (the "Theatre" and the "Villa dei Papiri").


THE HISTORY OF THE EXCAVATIONS

The digs began at Herculaneum in 1738, and continued using the technique of underground tunnels and exploratory and ventilation shafts until 1828, when the "open-air" digs were authorized, and carried out until 1875.
After a very long interruption, in 1927 Amedeo Maiuri began again the work , and continued to lead the digs until 1958, but already in 1942 about all the area, constituting the current archaeological park, was brought to light and contemporary restored and covered.
Additional work was done between 1960 and 1969, in the northern sector of Insula VI and along the main street or "Decumanus Maximus", while the last twenty years have concentrated on exploring the ancient shoreline, corresponding to the southern most strip of the archeological area.
In this area 12 rooms were brought to light.
These were rooms (fornici) with arched entrances, shelters for boats and warehouse, where many people took refuge escaping from the eruption.
In this area it was found the wooden boat, now placed in a pavilion adjacent to the modern offices of the Soprintendenza and the Antiquarium, waiting for a complex work of restoration.
In 1991 a program of excavation for bringing to light Villa of Papyri started.
Carlo Weber discovered Villa of Papyri in 1750 by chance.
He excavated the Villa through underground tunnels and accurately surveyed it.
The intervention was possible thanks to extraordinary funds allocated on the basis of the 64/1-3-1986 Law.
In 1991 following an agreement between the "Ministero per I Beni Culturali e Ambientali" and the "Agenzia per la promozione e lo sviluppo del Mezzogiorno", the project was given in concession to a Temporary Association (A.T.I.).
The New Excavation was concentrated at the western side of the modern Vico Mare and is connected to the archaeological park through a narrow and deep trench, starting from the House of Aristide and continuing through a gallery beneath Vico Mare.
In reality, only the atrium of the Villa was brought to light, as the remains of the luxurious residence are under some properties not expropriated yet.
In the eastern section of the excavations a great building and the southwestern extremity of the city, were brought to light.
This part of the city included some houses and a thermal complex with an apsed nympheum.
Because of the collapse of the ancient coastline, after the eruption of 79 A.D., a system of water pump takes continuously control of the water layer.

Address
Herculaneum, Corso Resina (Naples)

Times
From November to March all days from 8.30 to 17.00 (last entrance at 15.30)
From April to October all days from 8.30 to 19.30 (last entrance at 18.00)
1 January, 1 May and 25 December closed

Prices
Access valid 1 day for 1 site (Pompeii or Herculaneum)
- EUR 11,00 Adults
- EUR 5,50 for European Union members between 18 and 25 years old
Access valid 3 days for 5 sites (Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, Stabiae, Boscoreale)
- EUR 20,00 Adults
- EUR 10,00 for European Union members between 18 and 25 years old
Free Entrance with Campania Artecard

Additional Notes
The Archaeological Ruins of Herculaneum are a site of CAMPANIA ARTECARD circuit

How you can get there from the Hotel
From the Piazza Amedeo Station take line 2 on the subway, in the direction of Gianturco, and get off in Piazza Garibaldi (Main Station of Naples - third stop); proceed by Circumvesuviana train, in the direction of Sorrento, and get off at Herculaneum Excavations stop.

DAILY EXCURSIONS - GUIDED TOURS
Excursion of Herculaneum Archaeological Ruins is available and organized by the Hotel.
In order to know all excursion details of Archaeological Ruins of Herculaneum kindly click the link below

Herculaneum Archaeological Ruins Excursion


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