Phlegraean Fields Archaeological Museum - Naples
The Phlegraean Fields ("Campi Ardenti" - Burning Fields), testimony to a violent volcanic process, represent one of the largest and most fascinating archaeological areas in the world.
Cuma, the first Greek settlement in Campania with it's extraordinary Acropolis and the so-called "Cave of Sibyl"; Baia, a settlement much favoured by the Ancient Romans as testified by the spa centres and imperial villas, boasts an imposing Spanish Arragon Castle which itself was probably built on the site of residence of the Emperor Nero; Miseno, the most important military port in the Empire; Pozzuoli, the Region's chief port and crucial strategic node, which alonside Rione Terra, has brought to light an "underground Pompeii" whose fascination could not have been predicted.
Archaeological Museum of Phlegraean Fields inside the Baia Castle
Baia was selected as an ideal location for Roman imperial family and aristocracy and was subsequently lavished with marvellous villas.
The Spanish Arragon Castle, now home to the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields holds important artefacts relating to Baia, Miseno and Bacoli.
In a space at the foot of the North-West tower, also called "Torre Tenaglia" (Pincers Tower), and in the shadow of the second tower, also called "Torre Cavaliere" (Knight Tower), there are exhibited 11 marble cippi found between 1967 and 1970 of an important collection of architectural styles and sculptures called "Sacello degli Augustali" (Sacellum of the Augustales) which dates back to the Augustan period and displays styles of the Imperial Cult typical of the region.
On the first floor of the Torre Tenaglia, what once was the room of the arm games, you can admire the reconstruction of the facade of the Sacellum of the Augustales, with various statues pertaining to the Gens Flavia.
In the heroic nakedness you can notice, divinized, the imposing sculptures of the emperors Vespasian and Titus; a small sculpture of the goddess of Abundance; a huge marble slab on which you can see Helios' quadriga and the personification of Miseno and finally a headless statue richly mantled.
In this collection is the bronze statue of the Emperor Domiziano seated on his horse, the only surviving example of an ancient statue representing a rampant horse.
When Domiziano was killed the face of the statue was changed to that of Nerva, his successor.
On the top floor of the tower, once used as a powder-magazine, it is located the wonderful reconstruction of the Nymphaeum of the emperor Claudiusthere at "Punta Epitaffio", the promontory that faces the East and which marks the end of the Gulf of Baia.
Marine excavations undertaken in the 1970s have revealed an underwater triclinium clothed in marble and decorated with exquisite statues.
Beside the statues of Ulysses and Polyphemus (whose statue has not come to light) there is a statue of Dionysus and various other statues representing figures of the Imperial Family.
In one of the places at the base of the castles walls is now exhibited the collection known as the "Gessi di Baia" (Chalks of Baia), hundreds of fragments of the casts of chalk statues from the Roman period, taken directly from the original Greek bronzes dating from the classical Greek period (the Tyrannicides, the Amazons of Ephesus, the Apollo of the Belvedere) and used, between the 1st century b.C. and the 2nd century a.D., by a workshop of Baia sculptors as models for the completion of marble copies that the Roman aristocracy purchased for decorating villas and buildings.
Baia, Via Castello 39 (location Bacoli - Naples)
All days from 9.00 to 20.00
Monday closed (except during the "Cultural Heritage Week")
1 January, 1 May and 25 December closed
EUR 4,00 Adults
EUR 2,00 for European Union members between 18 and 25 years old
(valid 2 days for 4 sities: Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields in Baia , Archaeological Park of Baia, Flavian Amphitheatre, Temple of Serapis - Serapeo - in Pozzuoli and Archaeological Ruins of Cuma)
Free Entrance for European Union members under 18 and over 65 years old
Free Entrance with Campania Artecard
Ticket office close one hour before closing time
The Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields is a site of CAMPANIA ARTECARD circuit
How you can get there from the Hotel
From the Piazza Amedeo Station take line 2 on the subway, in the direction of Gianturco, and get off in Montesanto (fist stop); proceed by Cumana train (Naples-Torregaveta line) from terminus in Piazza Montesanto (at 100 metres from the subway Station) and get off at Baia stop; proceed by S.E.P.S.A Lucrino-Torregaveta bus and get off at Baia Castle stop: the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields is inside the Castle of Baia in Via Castello 39.
DAILY EXCURSIONS - GUIDED TOURS
Excursion of Phlegraean Fields is available and organized by the Hotel.
In order to know all excursion details of Phlegraean Fields kindly click the link below
Phlegraean Fields Excursion