Art and Culture

Rione Terra of Pozzuoli - Naples


The Ancient city of Pozzuoli was found as "Dicearchia" (City of Justice) by the Greeks in 530 b.C. on the northern coast of Naples.
Since 194 b.C. the city was called "Puteoli" (small wells) and began the most important Roman port of the region during the Augustan age, until the 2nd century when the Ostia's port replace it.
The industries of glass, terracotta, perfumes, textiles, colours and iron developed considerably, owing to the presence of local skilled workers educated to Phoenician, Hellenistic and Egyptian traditions.
The city was destroyed in 410 a.C. by Alarico's invasion, but in the Ancient Acropolis, situated on the tufaceous promontory at 33 m from the sea, the inhabitants continued to live near the bishop's residence of the district, known as Rione Terra.
From the 15th century until 1538, the city was damaged by earthquakes and eruptions, after which the viceroy Don Pedro de Toledo promoted its renaissance, annexing the architectural and urbanistic pre-existences.
The restorations went on the first half of the 17th century, when the bishop Martino de Leòn y Càrdenas remaked and dedicated the cathedral to Saint Procolo.
In modern age the district began a slowly decadence, culminating with the evacuations for the bradyseism of 1970 and 1980.
In 1993, during the restoration of the Rione Terra, began also the archaeological excavation of the eastern city district, and the tufaceous rests of the "Capitolium" and the marble structures of the Augustus Temple, the most significant monument of this area, was founded (the temple was discovered in 1964 after the Cathedral's fire).
From 2002 it also open a suggestive archaeological subterranean route which allows to walk along the "Decumans" and "Cardines" of the Ancient city, watch around the porches, the warehouse and the taverns, also one "Pistrinum" store with originally volcanic millstones.
The excavations revealed many architectural fragments and some marble sculptures, Romans copies from Greeks classicals, now exposed in the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields inside the Castle of Baia.
From February 2004, new itineraries enriched the archaeological route.
In the subterranean of the Migliaresi building and along the Decuman are open the "Ergastula", the small slave rooms, one of those decorated with pictures (two gladiators signs by charcoal) and with two lines from the Catullo's 5th poem.
In a building was found a subterranean "Larario", frescoed with Olympus twelve gods, near some warehouse and the taverns.

Address
Pozzuoli, Largo Sedile di Porto (Naples)

Times
Every Saturday and Sunday from 9.00 to 19.00
1 January and 25 December closed

Prices
EUR 3,00 Adults
EUR 2,00 for European Union members between 18 and 25 and over 65 years old
Free Entrance for European Union members under 6 years old
Free Entrance with Campania Artecard
EUR 0,50 Entrance reservation (required)
Ticket office close an half hour before closing time

Additional Notes
The Rione Terra of Pozzuoli is a site of CAMPANIA ARTECARD circuit

How you can get there from the Hotel
From the Piazza Amedeo Station take line 2 on the subway, in the direction of Gianturco, and get off in Montesanto (fist stop); proceed by Cumana train (Naples-Torregaveta line) from terminus in Piazza Montesanto (at 100 metres from the subway Station) and get off at Pozzuoli stop.


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